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A tugra for my friend
Again a "tugra", in Ottoman times (15th to 18th century) this
standard emblem would contain the name of the ruler.
Apparently its origin was an inky handprint of the ruler whith his name
written underneath it, other interpretations speak of a bow (and arrows).
The misuse of it was a capital offense.

This one is dedicated to a friend from Saudi Arabia.

All pics on these pages are copyright 1998-1999 by the owner of this page
The above mentioned friend is ofcourse free to use the picture on this page.